According to Esko Kilpi a structural change of working life would require the creation of new approaches to growth, productivity and meaning of work.
The diversification of working life and meaningful work can be sources of well-being for Finnish people.
Working life and the labour market are changing at a rapid pace, expedited by digitisation, international competition and economic restructuring. While inevitably the amount of work will reduce in certain sectors and occupations, new work is also emerging. But despite the number of unemployed jobseekers being higher than in many years, there is still a risk that suitable applicants will not be found for some vacancies.
The key goal of the Transformations of work focus area is to renew operating models in order to improve their capacity to respond to the challenges presented by transformations in work and the labour market. Employment services and work-life training, for example, are in need of new tools that enable their benefits to be maximised at the major landmarks in a working life – whether they concern finding the first job after graduation, making a career change, becoming self-employed or working part-time during retirement.
The goal is to improve the working-life skills of Finnish people and to help them adapt other, more flexible ways of working beyond the traditional, full-time salaried positions. These include entrepreneurship, self-employment and working part-time.
The practical trials have two target groups: jobseekers who have had long careers as specialists; and soon-to-be graduates of higher education institutions. Valuable human capital and competencies will be wasted if experienced professionals excluded from working life cannot find something new and meaningful to do, or if young people graduating from universities cannot find work. There are signs that the position of these groups has weakened in the labour market in recent years.
We are testing new types of goal-oriented employment services in order to improve the matching of employees with jobs and vice versa. We are also inviting public discussion on the need to renew working life, the labour market and the related common rules.
Our long-term goal is to have an impact, so that the amount of work performed in Finland grows, with the diversification of working life and meaningful work helping to increase the economic and perceived well-being of Finnish people.
The work of the Transformations of work team began in spring 2015 and the project is scheduled for completion at the end of August 2017.